Is a sovereign Arab emirate situated in the northeast of the Arabian Peninsula in Western Asia. It is bordered by Saudi Arabia to the south and Iraq to the north and lies on the northwestern shore of the Persian Gulf. The name Kuwait is derived from the Arabic "akwat", the plural of "kout", meaning fortress built near water. The emirate covers an area of 20,000 square kilometres (6,880 sq mi) and has a population of about 3.0 million.
Historically, the region was the site of Characene, a major Parthian port for trade between India and Mesopotamia. The Bani Utbah tribe were the first permanent Arab settlers in the region and laid the foundation of the modern emirate. By 19th century, Kuwait came under the influence of the Ottoman Empire and after the World War I, it emerged as an independent sheikhdom under the protection of the British Empire. Kuwait’s large oil fields were discovered in the late 1930s. After it gained independence from the United Kingdom in 1961, the nation’s oil industry saw unprecedented growth. In 1990, Kuwait was invaded and annexed by neighboring Iraq. The seven month-long Iraqi occupation came to an end after a direct military intervention by United States-led forces. Nearly 773 Kuwaiti oil wells were set ablaze by the retreating Iraqi army resulting in a major environmental and economic catastrophe. Kuwait’s infrastructure was badly damaged during the war and had to be rebuilt.
Kuwait is a constitutional monarchy with a parliamentary system of government, with Kuwait City serving as the country’s political and economic capital. The country has the world’s fifth largest oil reserves and petroleum and petroleum products now account for nearly 95% of export revenues, and 80% of government income. Kuwait is the eleventh richest country in the world per capita and has the highest human development index (HDI) in the Arab world. Kuwait is classified as a high income economy by the World Bank and is designated as a major non-NATO ally of the United States.
Kuwait is situated in Southwest Asia, bordering the Persian Gulf, between Iraq and Saudi Arabia. Once a small Persian Gulf sheikhdom known locally as a center for pearl diving and boat construction, Kuwait came to international prominence in the post-World War II era largely because of its enormous oil revenues. Yet its history as an autonomous political entity is much older, dating back to the eighteenth century. At that time, the town of Kuwait was settled by migrants from central Arabia who arrived at what was then a lightly populated fishing village under the suzerainty of the Bani Khalid tribe of Arabia. Members of one family, the Al Sabah, have ruled Kuwait from that time.
Since2009 Kuwait has been ruled by Shaykh Jabir al Ahmad al Jabir Al Sabah and his designated successor, Shaykh Saad al Abd Allah as Salim Al Sabah, the prime minister and crown prince. In the postwar period, these men have supported, with some ambivalence, the strengthening of popular participation in decision making as provided for in the constitution.
Kuwait is located at the far northwestern corner of the Persian Gulf. It is a small state of about 200.000 square kilometers, a little smaller than the state of New Jersey. At its most distant points, it is about 200 kilometers north to south and 170 kilometers east to west.
June 19, 1961
Arabic, Gulf Spoken [afb] 500,000 in Kuwait (1986). Alternate names: Khaliji. Dialects: Kuwaiti Hadari Arabic. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic
Arabic, Standard [arb] Middle East, North Africa. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic
Mehri [gdq] 14,358 in Kuwait (2000 WCD). Scattered individuals in Kuwait. Alternate names: Mahri. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, South, South Arabian
Meaning country name:
From the Arabic diminutive form of "Kut/Kout" meaning "fortress built near water".
The flag of Kuwait (Arabic: علم الكويت) was adopted on September 7, 1961 and officially hoisted November 24, 1961.
The colours’ meaning came from a poem by Safie Al-Deen Al-Hali:
White are our deeds
Black are our battles
Green are our lands
Red are our swords
Rules of hanging and flying the flag:
Horizontally: The green stripe should be on top.
Vertically: The green strip should be on the right side of the flag.
Coat of arms:
The Coat of arms of Kuwait (Arabic: شعار الكويت) was adopted in 1962 and it consists of the shield of the flag design in color superimposed on a falcon with wings displayed. The falcon supports a disk containing a sailing ship (dhow) with the full name of the State written (in Arabic) at the top of the disk.
The dhow is a symbol of the maritime tradition of the country and is also found in the national coats of arms of Qatar and the United Arab Emirates. The falcon is a symbol of the Banu Quraish line, to which the prophet Muhammad belonged and is likewise found in many coats of arms of the Arabian Peninsula.
The coat of arms replaced an older emblem with a falcon and two crossed flags.
National Anthem: Al-Nasheed Al-Watani, Arabic: النشيد الوطني, meaning "National Anthem".
وطني الكويت سلمت للمجد *** وعلى جبينك طالع السعد
يا مهد آباءالأولى كتبوا *** سفرالخلود فنادت الشهب
الله أكبر إنهم عرب *** طلعت كواكب جنة الخلد
بوركت يا وطني الكويت لنا *** سكنا وعشت على المدى وطنا
يفديك حر في حماك بنى *** صرح الحياة بأكرم الأيدي
نحميك يا وطني وشاهدنا *** شرع الهدى والحق رائدنا
وأميرنا للعز قائدنا *** رب الحمية صادق الوعد
تمّ الاسترجاع من
Watanil Kuwait Salemta Lilmajdi
Wa Ala Jabeenoka Tali-Ossadi
Watanil Kuwait Salemta Lilmajdi.
Ya Mahda Abaa-il Ola Katabou
Sefral Khloudi Fanadati Shohobo
Allaho Akbar Ehnahom Arabo
Talaat Kawakebo Jannatil Kholdi
Bourekta Ya Watanil Kuwaita Lana
Sakanan Wa Eshta Alal Mada Watana
Yafdeeka Horron Fi Hemaka Bana
Sarhol Hayati Be Akramil Aydi
Nahmeeka Ya Watani Wa Shahidona
Sharoul Hoda Wal Haqqo Ra-Edona
Wa Amirona Lil Ezzi Qa-Edona
Rabbol Hamiyati Sadqol Waadi
Kuwait, my country, may you be safe and glorious!
May you always enjoy good fortune!
You are the cradle of my ancestors,
Who put down its memory.
With everlasting symmetry, showing all eternity,
Those Arabs were heavenly,
Kuwait, my country,
May you be safe and glorious!
May you always enjoy good fortune.
Blessed be my Country a homeland for harmony,
Warded by true sentry giving their soils aptly,
Building high its history, Kuwait,
My country, we’re for you my Country,
Led by faith and loyalty,
With its Amir equally,
Fencing us all fairly, with warm love and verity,
Kuwait, my country,
May you be safe and glorious.
May you always enjoy good fortune!
Kuwait in diferent languages
eng | arg | ast | cat | dan | dsb | eus | fin | fur | glg | hau | hsb | ina | ita | jav | jnf | lld | nor | que | rup | sme | spa | srd | swa | swe | tet: Kuwait
afr | fry | lim | nld: Koeweit
ces | hrv | slk | slv: Kuvajt
bre | lin | oci: Koweit
deu | ltz | nds: Kuweit / Kuweit; Kuwait / Kuwait
est | vor: Kuveit
fao | hun: Kuvait
gag | kaa: Kuveyt / Кувейт
ibo | wol: Kuwet
ind | msa: Kuwait / كويت
kin | run: Koweti
pol | szl: Kuwejt
roh | ron: Kuweit
wln | zza: Kuweyt
aze: Küveyt / Күвејт
bos: Kuvajt / Кувајт
crh: Küveyt / Кувейт
gla: Cubhait; Cuait; Kubhait
gle: Cuáit / Cuáit
glv: Yn Choowait
kmr: Kûvêyt / Кувейт / کووڤێیت; Qûvêyt / Qувейт / قووڤێیت
kur: Kuweyt / کووەیت; Kûweyt / کوووەیت
lat: Cuvaitum; Kuvaitum; Quatum
mol: Kuweit / Кувейт
por: Koweit; Quaite; Kuwait; Couaite; Kuait; Coveite
rmy: Kuweit / कुवेइत
slo: Kuveit / Кувеит
som: Kuwayt; Kuweyt
tuk: Kuweýt / Кувейт
tur: Kuveyt; Küveyt
uzb: Kuvayt / Кувайт
abq | alt | bul | che | chm | chv | kbd | kir | kjh | kom | krc | kum | mon | oss | rus | tyv | udm | ukr: Кувейт (Kuvejt)
bak | tat: Кувейт / Kuveyt
bel: Кувейт / Kuviejt; Кувэйт / Kuvejt
kaz: Куейт / Kweyt / كۋەيت
lbe: Кувайт (Kuwajt)
mkd: Кувајт (Kuvajt)
srp: Кувајт / Kuvajt
tgk: Кувайт / کویت / Kuvajt
ara: الكويت (al-Kuwayt)
ckb: کووەیت / Kuweyt
fas: کویت / Koveyt
prs: کویت (Kovait)
pus: کويټ (Kuwayṫ); کويت (Kuwayt)
uig: كۇۋەيت / Kuweyt / Кувейт
urd: کویت (Kuvæt)
div: ކުވެއިތް (Kuve’it); ކުވެއިތު (Kuve’itu)
syr: ܟܘܘܝܬ (Kūwayt)
heb: כוית / כווית (Kuvayt)
lad: קוב’אייט / Kuvayt
yid: קוּװײַט (Kuvayt)
amh: ኩዌት (Kuwet)
ell-dhi: Κουβέιτ (Koyvéit)
ell-kat: Κοβέϊτ (Kovéït); Κουβέϊτ (Koyvéït); Κουέτ (Koyét)
hye: Քուվեյթ (Ḳouveyṭ)
kat: ქუვეითი (Ḳuveiṭi); კუვეიტი (Kuveiti)
hin: कुवैत (Kuvæt)
nep: कुवेत (Kuvet)
ben: কুয়েত (Kuyet)
pan: ਕੁਵੈਤ (Kuvæt)
kan: ಕುವೈತ್ (Kuvait)
mal: കുവൈറ്റ് (Kuvaiṟṟ); കുവൈത്ത് (Kuvaitt)
tam: குவெய்த் (Kuveyt); குவைத் (Kuvait)
tel: కువైట్ (Kuvaiṭ)
zho: 科威特 (Kēwēitè)
jpn: クウェイト (Kuweito); クェート (Kuwēto)
kor: 쿠웨이트 (Kuweiteu)
dzo: ཀུ་ཝེཊ་ (Ku.weṭ.)
mya: ကူဝိတ္ (Kuweiʿ)
tha: คูเวต (Kʰūwēt)
khm: គុយវ៉ែត (Kuyvæt); គុយវែត (Kuyvæt)
Tagged: , دولة , الكويت , Kuwait , Ásia , flag , bandeiras